This paper is about the impact of social media in informal learning. It explains about the different method used in informal learning. Knowledge can be gained from both formal and informal learning. The knowledge gained by an individual is depending on that individual’s capacity to understand the knowledge gained by that individual either from formal learning or informal learning.
Informal learning is a natural activity which continues at all times.It is highly individualized contextualized and always concrete, limited to immediate need; it is always embedded within some other activity. It is our own individual way of making sense of life’s experiences and using that for dealing with new experiences. Learning using handheld devices like smartphones and PDAs one can learn in a formal way or informal way. Informal learning, learners are engaged with materials developed by a teacher to be used during a program of instructions in an educational environment which are highly structured, institutionally sponsored. This type of learning is generally recognized in terms of the certificate or a credit upon completion. Whereas in informal learning, learnings are results from daily work-related, family or leisure activities. These types are unstructured and contextualized even if it’s intentional.Informal learning can be unanticipated, unrecognized, and often unacknowledged by the learner (Jubas, 2010, p. 229)
As per Eraut’s (2000) typology of informal learning, in implicit learning knowledge is selected from past memories enters episodic memory due to unconscious expectations. In reactive learning knowledge is gained from brief observation on reflection on past episodes, incidents, impressions, events, noting facts, asking questions, effects of actions, recognition of possible future learning opportunities. Whereas in deliberative learning knowledge is gained experiences in decision making, problem-solving, and planned informal learning by discussing or reviewing past actions, communications and events. ). In both informal and formal learning, an individual can access knowledge through mobile computing devices for research, to investigate or to collect information.
Smartphones and PDAs are used for communication via weblogs, wikis and virtual learning environments. As per recent years researchers handheld devices are used to support collaborative learning. Using smartphones and PDAs one can communicate with wide range of users using web forums.Web forums are internet based, an asynchronous discussion group of peoples. there are so many learning applications are available which can be used to get knowledge from different mobile users.These learning applications are categorized into collaborative applications, location-aware applications, data collection applications, referential applications, interactive applications administrative applications and micro world applications (FIGURE 2).
In online settings, the platform and community set the context based on a topic or task or functionalities. This environment encourages collaboration by asking and sharing advice with others and providing plenty of peers with whom it is possible to connect through shared issues. Unlike classroom situations, online communities gather amateur and experts knowledge in large numbers in the same context. In this, not only an amateur but also experts can learn. Learning with practitioners leads to situated up-to-date knowledge and skills. Interactions with practitioners are mainly depending on concrete problems in the task or topic.
Informal learning, the knowledge can be measured by the structure of the materials .whereas in informal learning knowledge can be measured by the information an individual can get from different sources.
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· (Colley, Hodkinson, & Malcom, 2003;Marsick & Watkins, 1990).
· Michael Eraut (2004) Informal learning in the workplace, Studies in Continuing Education, 26:2, 247-273, DOI: 10.1080/158037042000225245
· Gill Clough,Ann C. Jones,Patrick Mcandrew,Eileen Scanlon,Institute Of Educational Technology,The Open University,United Kingdom “Informal Learning Evidence In Online Communities Of Mobile Device Enthusiasts”
· JRC56310,EUR 24149 EN,ISBN 978-92-79-14855-2,ISSN 1018-5593,Catalogue Number: LF-NA-24149-EN-C,DOI 10.2791/36566