Committee: Human Rights Committee Sub-Commission 2Topic: Measures to prevent human trafficking, especially women and childrenMain Submitter: CongoSignatories: Saint Lucia, Pakistan, Cambodia, Andora, Central African Republic, Indonesia, Mauritius, Bulgaria, Mauritania, Papua New Guinea, Suriname, Palau, Malaysia, Guatemala, Singapore, MozambiqueRecalling all previous resolutions on the issue of human trafficking, especially women and children, particularly the General Assembly resolution 63/156 of 18 December 2008, and Human Rights Commission resolutions 14/2 of 17 June 2010, 20/1 of 5 July 2012, 23/5 of 13 June 2013,Reaffirms the need to promote and ensure the protection of women and children against trafficking between nations,Deeply disturbed by the persistence of slavery of individuals caused through trafficking networks in Algeria,Bearing in mind the conditions, in which individuals are placed under financially within their home nations that push them to migrate,Realizing the Universal Declaration of human Rights, Articles 1, 4 and 5, which state that every human being is equal in dignity and rights, that no one should be held in slavery, as well as no one should experience torture and inhumane treatment,Acknowledging the work of UNICEF with it program of implementing the enjoyment of human rights especially for children,Welcoming The Core International Human Rights Treaties, in particular the Convention on the Rights of the Child, proclaiming the need for the protection of the child and the necessity of a safe family environment,Also welcoming the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography, uttering the deep concern for the child as victims of economic profit,Alarmed by the high number of human trafficking, estimated by the ILO in 2017 at 24.9 million victims, of which 64% are exploited for labor, 19% are sexually exploited and 17% are exploited in state-imposed forced labor,Deeply concerned by the fact that, according to ILO records, 71% of all human trafficking victims are women and girls, and that 29% are men and boys with the number of children reaching 25% of all victims,Bearing in mind that, according to an ILO report from 2014, traffickers earn $150 billion a year, from which 66% result from sexual exploitation, although only 19% of all victims are trafficked for sex,Deeply disturbed by the low number of prosecution of human traffickers, which only compromise of 14,894, according to the 2017 State Department Trafficking in Persons (TIP) reportRequests signing, ratifying and implementing relevant United Nations legal instruments, in ways such but not limited to:The United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and the Protocol to prevent, suppress and punish Trafficking in Persons, ?To take immediate steps to incorporate provisions of the Protocol into domestic legal systems;Calls upon all member states to push for the creation of United Nations Border Security Forces (UNBCF), with the purpose of: Searching the borders of nations known for having high rates of human trafficking in order to find,Breaches and Wormholes in which trafficking agents sneak out their victims,Capturing the act of human trafficking as it occurs,Interrogating agents captured in order to find out more about the large scale operations,Further establishment of restrictions of border crossing within nation’s widely affected by human trafficking (such as, but not limited to USA, South Korea, India, Cambodia, Russia);Encourages all member states to make their laws regarding punishment for the act of human trafficking more harsh so as to not allow those caught in the act to commit the crime once again, these laws should include but are not limited to:The possible use of the death penalty on leaders of trafficking operations in nations willing to implement it, Long term imprisonment of individuals running trafficking operations within nations largely affected by human trafficking;Endorses all member states willing to cooperate with other nations to put an end to the operations and urges them to work with nations in which the trafficking occurs as well as their neighbors do to the fact that:Victims of the operation would be smuggled across the borderNations monitoring their borders in search of this could catch individuals in charge of such operations,Calling for the dissolution of Sex tourism in large scale cities due to the majority of sex worker’s being forcefully smuggled from their hometowns into the industry without their will or consent;Calls upon governments to tackle the technological aspect of human trafficking, through means such as but not limited to:Establishment of mechanisms, in cooperation with the international community, to combat the use of the Internet to facilitate trafficking in persons and to strengthen international cooperation to investigate and prosecute trafficking facilitated by the use of the Internet, with the help of NGOs such as Amnesty International; Expresses its hope that all countries use means such as, but not limited to, in order to become a Tier 1 nation in accordance to human trafficking laws:The introduction of a 3-pronged tactic using prevention, protection and prosecution to deter any human trafficking activity,Suggests that member nations conduct campaigns through social media, newspapers, television, posters, and other outreach materials to educate workers on their rights, raise public awareness of trafficking, and publicize efforts to punish employers for trafficking-related violations,Encourages the investigation and imposition of fines on employment agencies for operating without an appropriate license or other illegal acts that could facilitate trafficking,Recommends the dissolution of a statute of limitations in regards to human trafficking crimes so as to allow the possibility of prosecuting perpetrators of associated crimes who committed these crimes outside of a time frame,Reaffirms the need to protect victims of human trafficking to allow for successful prosecution of trafficker through means such as, but not limited to:Decriminalizing any crimes perpetrated by victims of human trafficking during the time frame of their position, if the crime wasn’t perpetrated through free will,Providing safe houses for those victims willing to testify against their traffickers,Proclaims that the Women’s Charter’s recommendation of a maximum of 5 years imprisonment for human trafficking- related crimes is insufficient and the minimum compulsory imprisonment be made more stringent to commensurate with other serious crimes;Urges member of states in developing countries to encourage the prevention and elimination of trafficking with the aid of the development of Anti Human Trafficking Units:Provide education for the local communities especially in areas of extreme poverty and calamities which will initially raise awareness regarding the risks and the consequences of human trafficking and instruction for officials in order to facilitate law enforcement and judicial procedures,Extending already existing local authorities to that both combat human trafficking and support victims of this crime,Humanitarian assistance staff and medical professionals with information to provide to vulnerable communities regarding the risks of human trafficking such as HIV/AIDS, psychological and physical trauma, and the risk of indentured servitude among others;Endorses in legislatures to carry out pertinent expedients to attend to both root and exterior factors that cultivate trafficking in persons for prostitution and other forms of exploitations involving the sex industry by means such as but not limited to:Barring mercenary and commercialized sex, and subjugation or removal of organs, especially based on profit-oriented motives by:Fortifying previous governmental policies by considering the ratification of anti-tracking ordinances and regulations with the adoption of federal proposals of action schemes,Vindicating dealing in persons in all its manifestations and denouncing and inflicting penalties on traffickers, facilitators and arbitrators, where applicable,Foisting punitive actions in opposition to legitimate entities associated in the process of trafficking, and deterring from compelling allegations by the victims’ involvement,Reaffirming objectives to build up global efforts towards combating forced marriages and forced labour, including slavery or practices similar to slavery with circumstances to sanction the Protocol and combine operations at civil and provincial levels to prevent the felony;Designates assets and supplies as suitable, for the inclusive protection and assistance to victims of trafficking, including:Access to adequate social, necessary medical and psychological care and servicesWith support allocation of the necessary resources as requested by those trafficked,In cooperation with intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations, to strengthen preventive action,Shelter or buildings specifically accommodating the victims under protection as a sanctuary,Lawful assistance in a language that they can comprehend with helplinesTo collaborate in this regard, with intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations,In particular, education for women and men, as well as for girls and boys, on the human rights of women and children, gender equality, self-respect and mutual respect;Authorizes conductive campaigns for the general public, including children, aimed at promoting awareness of the dangers associated with all forms of trafficking and at encouraging the public, including the victims of trafficking themselves, to report on instances of trafficking by means such as but not limited to:Setting up or strengthening a national coordinating mechanism, for example;A national rapporteur or an inter-agency body, with the participation of civil society,Including non-governmental organizations, to encourage the exchange of information and to report on data, root causes, factors and trends in trafficking,Enhancing information-sharing and data-collection capacities as a way of encouraging coordination to combat trafficking in persons,Administered through a meticulous collection of data singled out based on sex and age;Encourages all member states of the UN to initiate information campaigns in order to increase awareness and the understanding about the phenomenon of trafficking in persons to the general public:Utilizing mass social media to spread awareness of the possibility, risks, and consequences of human trafficking as outlined above, Incorporating subjects on human trafficking and modern slavery into educational curriculums so as to educate the youth, ?Promotion and observance of International Anti-Human Trafficking day, January 11th, especially in rural areas,Public and private cooperation such as UN Blue Heart Program to promote the marketing of the educational campaign to the general public through the usage of:Radio,Television,Printed materials;Funding the formation of Anti Human Trafficking Units across the borders of all LEDC’s which are affected by human trafficking. The Units should be accompanied by military units to capture the traffickers and illegal immigrants.?The funding could be made possible by the combined efforts of:United Nations Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF),?Worldwide public funding from those willing to donate for the cause, The JMP,Governments of neighboring countries and other countries,Funds from different countries should be collected through a supervised and secure procedure and be safely delivered to the UNICEF to be distributed among the different countries for setting up the units;Urges all the member nations to enforce stricter border control and accumulate a larger police force to arrest any known traffickers or suspects, by:Creating a specialised police force that targets human traffickers,?The police forces must undergo a three year preparatory and/or educational course,Regarding airport security with greater importance, with stricter immigration customs that involve in-depth background checks of trafficking suspects and victims,Allowing neighbouring nations to post-disaster countries such as Syria with immigration processing for the internationally displaced to set a smaller quota of refugees being accepted and provide security/surveillance facilities for the immigrants in order to narrow the margin of possibility through which traffickers can get victims across the border, through means such as but not limited to:?Setting up security/surveillance centers outside/in close proximity to all refugee camps and homes set up for asylum-seekers,Each group of 100 people that make it over the border under the pretext of being a ‘refugee’ must have at least one UN worker assigned to look after them and check up on their backgrounds for a maximum of 5 years;Encourages all member nations to use a “Human Trafficking” safety system that include helping of victims such as:Housing and feeding mandatory for all governments to follow,Medical treatment, counseling and there is optional?,This must be funded by a UN organ, local governments or NGOs;Calls upon public safety forces like the police and Child Protection services to set a higher priority in finding kidnapped and missing people:Impose harsher punishments on those caught involved in human trafficking,Increasing the amounts of people on patrol near the borders,Create more checkpoints along the route between bordering nations of human-trafficking affected countries;Recommends hospitals and health clinics to set higher priority in helping victims of human trafficking:Give suspected human-traffic victims such as any women and child found to be illegally entering the country with rape-tests immediately, so there is a higher chance in finding the perpetrator,Have a medical emergency team with trained doctors and nurses ready to care for and help a victim immediately or as soon as possible,Developing the care system in the hospitals for the victims, so that they are cared quickly and properly,Call for aid from United Nation Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC);Emphasizes that there should be more patrol and public safety services on the borders of LEDC’s, to prevent an even larger number of abductions from these populations that are most vulnerable to human trafficking:Building guard houses on a scaled distance, so that there is more security on the borders, making it harder to pass,Placing security cameras in areas that are most vulnerable for the crimes to happen,Tracking the number of people and who they are, when they are crossing the border, so that it would be easier to track down people;Realizing that though the girls are rescued, the family might not be able to support her by:The placement of funds for these families, instead of neglecting the rescued ?child/female/male, having orphanages or schools built so that they could live there ?temporarily until they have a secured home,Having the girls rescued be distracted from their potentially dangerous environment, such as ?sending them to school which will provide them with a higher chance of getting jobs and raising a successful family;Requests agencies such as UNESCO and WHO to provide and permeate a hospitable atmosphere for victims of human trafficking in ways such as but not limited to:Ministering to the persecuted victims and contributing to the betterment of victims who were psychologically affected by rehabilitation programs from UNESCO, IRC or WHO. High professionals and specialists from these agencies will set up these programs;20. Decides to remain actively seized on the matter along with member states.