In be a neurological impairments which leads to a

In the total number of telephone users, India’s
telecommunication network is the second largest in the world. The word
technology derived from the Greek word “techne”, which means art or skill used
to solve a problem, improve solution to a problem, achieve goal, handle an
applied input/output relation or perform a specific function. As the standard
of living in India will improves through technology making, modification,
usage, knowledge of tools, machines, techniques.  Last 200 years there has been a significant
changes in the term of technology. Every day new technologies are being created
and it will create more attention of the children and made them to use it on
everyday life. However, technology was not been used for the peaceful purpose
and create issues like stress, depression, feeling of loneliness, isolation.
The children are becoming dependent and create more mental health problem among
them which cannot be easily solved by them.  The mobile users in India are almost children
in the category of male.

ADDICTION TO TECHNOLOGY

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            The term addiction means is the high
degree of likeness toward a particular thing or subject. Technology addiction
is the broad category which refers to the uncontrollable usage of technological
devices namely, mobile phone, computers, gaming system, social networking site,
internet addiction and so on. Recently, information technologies are more
attracting the attention of present generation. Addiction is the continued
repetition of a behavior and can be a neurological impairments which leads to a
negative consequences (American Society for Addiction Medicine, 2012).

            Present days, most of the children
are spending too much of their time in the technology. Long term usage of technology
can lead to psychological problems such as stress, depression, irritability
loneliness. Attitude changes in children, the sudden depression, loss of
self-esteem and problems in paying attention to study are often symptoms of
internet addiction (Young 1998). Children’s are particularly more vulnerable to
technology addiction and have poor coping mechanism. Most of the children’s
struggle to understand how to present themselves and by the mean time
technology help them in doing so.

MENTAL HEALTH

            Mental Health as a state of well-being in which
every individual realizes his or her own potential, can cope with the normal
stresses of life, can work productivity and fruitfully, and is able to make
contribution to his or her community (WHO, 1950).Mental Health is necessary for
complete functioning of the mind. It is a basic condition for the growth of
mind. Mental Illness renders a person incapable of coping with reality and robs
him of the desire to respond constructively to stress and change and not merely
to adjust to these factors. It’s a person’s condition with regard to their
psychological and emotional well-being. It’s is about how people feel about
themselves, how they feel about others, and how they are able to meet the
demands of the life. It is a kind of mental illness refers to general mental
problems can experience in certain stressful circumstances. For example, work
pressure cause poor concentration, mood swings and sleep disturbance. But,
those problems being temporary and the demands of a particular situation makes
us and response to support and reassurance. The consequences of addiction i.e.
addiction to technology is the effect of it upon health particularly on mental
health.

REVIEW
OF LITERATURE

Adriana
Bianchi and et al.(2005),
study sought to predict the problematic mobile phone usage. 195 subjects of
both genders and average of 36 were interviewed. Results lead to creation of
mobile phone problem use scale. Being extraverted, possessing low self-esteem,
and being young was the behavioral predictors influenced by the use of cell
phone.

Hyun
Young Koo and Hyun Sook Park (2010), 548 students were asked to fill out a
questionnaire of usage of their cell phone. The results were under 89% of the
respondents were the average users of cell phone. 8.4% belonged to heavy users
and 2.9% completely addicted to their cell phone.

Lanigan
et al. (2009), sample of 97
internet user, 89 % of participants observed that the PC impacted their family
relations. 45% quoted positive impact, 24% of the respondents had mixed impact
and 20% of them were mostly negative impact.

Prensky
(2005),described the
words of Japanese student – If you lose your mobile phone you lose part of your
brain. The above statement truly reproduces the content of personification. The
new developed technology environment presented an exceptional array of
possibilities for communication, interaction, and information at the fingertips
was not available before.

Smith
(2011), 68% of the
respondents uses smart phone for the access of internet or email, 25% of them
for online purpose, rather than with a PC. This indicated that, smart phones
replaced the PCs as an access to the internet.

X.
Sanchez-Carbonell et al.(2008),
says that the cell phone can be used in a maladaptive way and it should be
considered as an abuse and not addiction. Result shows that the Internet does
pose addiction but the cell phones do not promote rapid emotional charges.

OBJECTIVES

·        
To
identify the various factors influencing the children to use the mobile phone.

·        
To
examine the time spend by the children in the mobile phone.

·        
To
study the impact of mobile phone usage on children in mental health.

RESEARCH
METHODOLOGY

The researcher adopted descriptive design and used questionnaire
for collecting data from the respondents. Descriptive research design describes
the characteristics of a particular group or individual. This study reveals
the attempt to find the time spent in the mobile phone, purpose behind the
usage, and its impacts on mental health.The
data collected by questionnaire were chosen and analyzed to enable the
researcher to make the estimates of precision and generality of the findings.

A common strategy of this sampling technique is to select
cases that are judged to be typical of the population, in which one is
interested, assuming that errors of judgment in the selection will tend to
counterbalance each other (Lal Das, 2008).

SAMPLE SIZE AND DATA
COLLECTION

            From the total student’s population
in the pump house area in tirupur, 250 children between the age group of 10 –
18 were chosen purposively as sample size for the study and the data was
collected through an open-ended and closed-ended questionnaire.

LIMITATIONS OF THE
STUDY

·        
This study focus on
children between the age group of 10 – 18 years only and not focus on other age
groups.

·        
There are many factors
influencing the mental health of children, but here it was confined.

DATA ANALYSIS AND
INTERPRETATION

Table – 1 Demographic Details

Variable

Respondents

Total

Percentage

Gender

Male

162

65 %

Female

88

35 %

Age

10 – 14

51

20 %

15 – 18

199

80 %

Time Spent on Mobile
Phone

Less than 1

25

10 %

1 – 2

38

15 %

3 – 5

68

27 %

6 Above

119

48 %

Having internet on
mobiles

Yes

208

83 %

No

42

17 %

Purpose of Mobile
Phone

Internet usage
(Whatsapp, you tube, face book etc.,)

109
 

44 %
 

Gaming

88

35 %

Chatting with
friend/relative etc., (SMS)

26

10 %

Assuming in different
world

12

5 %

All the above

15

6 %

 

The
above table shows the demographical details of the study. Out of 250
respondents 65% were belongs to the category of male whereas female was 35%.
Majority of the respondents (80%) between the age group of 15-18 years, 20%
related to 10-14 years. Nearly half of the respondents (48%) were spent 6 hours
and above time on mobile phone. 83% of the respondents were having the internet
on their mobile phone. Nearly half of the respondent, 44% using mobile phone
for the purpose of Internet Usage. 

Table – 2 Logical
Thinking and Memory

Respondents use
Mobile Phone per day

% of respondents
having logical thinking problem

1 – 2 hours

17 %

3 – 5 hours

28 %

>6 hours

55 %

 

Table
2 displays the logical thinking and memory status of the respondents. Above
half of the respondents (55%) using mobile phone more than 6 hours are having
the logical thinking problem, whereas this problem is limited 28% of
respondents using the mobile phone for 3-5 hours and 17% in the case of the
users of 1-2 hours. This problem is seen to be normal in the latter two cases
but in the first case it is significant.

 

 

Table – 3 Conscious
Level

Respondents use
Mobile Phone per day

% of respondents
having low consciousness

1 – 2 hours

18 %

3 – 5 hours

39 %

>6 hours

43 %

 

Above 43% of the respondents using
the mobile phone of more than 6 hours are low consciousness about themselves
and having problem in taking any kind of decisions. 39% of them using the
mobile phone between the duration of 3-5 hours. The remaining 18% comes under
the category of 1-2 hours. This table means the addiction of mobile phone
having negative impacts on consciousness level of the respondents.

Table – 4 Mental Stability

Respondents
use Mobile Phone per day

%
of respondents worry excessively

1 – 2 hours

22 %

3 – 5 hours

35 %

>6 hours

43 %

 

The
above table explicit the type of worries personality are vulnerable to any
reverse situation in life. Based on the above data, 43% of the respondents
using mobile phone on above 6 hours leads worry excessively. 35% of them using
3-5 hours gradually and 22% of the respondents using mobile phones around 1-2
hours.

 

MAJOR FINDINGS

·        
Majority of the
respondents (65%) almost were belongs to the category of male.

·        
Majority of the
respondents (80%) between the age group of 15-18 years.

·        
Nearly half of the
respondents (48%) were spent 6 hours and above time on mobile phone.

·        
83% of the respondents
were having the internet on their mobile phone.

·        
Nearly half of the
respondent (44%) using mobile phone for the purpose of Internet Usage. 

·        
Above half of the
respondents (55%) using mobile phone more than 6 hours are having the logical
thinking problem.

·        
Above 43% of the
respondents using the mobile phone of more than 6 hours are low consciousness
about themselves and having problem in taking any kind of decisions.

·        
Nearly half of the
respondents(43%) of the respondents using mobile phone on above 6 hours leads mental
stability.

CONCLUSION

The
present study deliver the sense that we are living in a world of knowledge,
technology and facilitate the investigation of cell phone usage of the children
in Tirupur district. Changes are very common and very fast on the scientific
world. Mobile phone usage is strongly incorporated into the children mental
health aspects, such as mobile phone usage interposing their day-to-day
activities of the respondents. The characteristics of those children at risk of
developing an over involvement with their mobile phones. Hence, one must learn
how to exercise the control and know what is the important and what is not
important.