Research focuses on the details of content and performance.

                                                            Research proposal

 Effectiveness
of a study of teacher perception about formative assessment on English language
proficiency at primary Level.

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Student
Name:          

                                                Kainat
Sohail

Email:               [email protected]

Supervisor:

Programme:   M.phil  Edu

Department:   Education

Definition
of assessment: “Assessment
is the systematic collection, review, and use of information about educational
programs undertaken for the purpose of improving student learning and
development”

Introduction:

                Formative assessment, including diagnostic
testing, is a
range of formal and informal assessment procedures conducted by teachers during
the learning process in order to modify teaching and learning activities to
improve student attainment. It
typically involves qualitative feedback (rather than scores) for both student
and teacher that focuses on the details of content and performance. It is commonly contrasted with summative
assessment, which seeks to
monitor educational outcomes, often for purposes of external accountability.

Types of formative assessment.

·       
Diagnostic Assessment

·       
Portfolios 

·       
Self-Assessment and Peer-Assessment

·       
Performance-Based Assessment

·       
Questioning

·       
Interview-Based Assessment

·       
Play-Based Assessment

·       
Cooperative Group Assessment

·       
Dialogue Journals and Scaffold Essays     

Techniques
of formative assessment.

·       Questioning

·       Demonstration/
presentation

·       Writing

·       Learning
conversation

·       Student
led assessment

·       Debates

·       Role
playing

·       Quizzes

·       Jigsaw
puzzles

Formative assessment in language education:

As an ongoing assessment it focuses on
the process, it helps teachers to check the current status of their students’
language ability, that is, they can know what the students know and what the
students do not know. It also gives chances to students to participate in
modifying or planning the upcoming classes (Bachman & Palmer,
1996).Participation in their learning grows students’ motivation to learn the target language. It also
raises students’ awareness on their target
languages, which results in resetting their own goals. In consequence, it helps
students to achieve their goals successfully as well as teachers be the facilitators to foster students’
target language ability.

In classroom, short quizzes, reflectional journals, or
portfolios could be used as a formative assessment.

Statement of research problem:

As we know that English occupies a very
important place in Pakistan. It is being used as medium of instruction in educational
institutions as well as source of communication in public and private offices.
But the standard of English language in our country is not up to the mark. So,
keeping this picture in view, this study was designed to find out the effect of
formative assessment on students’ English language proficiency at primary
level.

Objectives:

·      
To
find out the effectiveness of  a study of
teacher perception  about formative
assessment on English language proficiency at primary level.

·      
To
find out the effectiveness of  a study of
teacher perception  about formative
assessment on English language proficiency at private sector.

·      
To
find out the effectiveness of  a study of
teacher perception  about formative
assessment on English language proficiency at public sector.

Hypothesis or Research Question:

                Null hypothesis

        
(No relationship
between formative assessment and English language development.

·      
What
is the impact of formative assessment on English language proficiency at
primary level?

·      
What
is the effectiveness of formative assessment on English proficiency at primary
level?

Significance of the study:

 

Methodology:

              Researcher will
use achievement test as a research tool for data collection because it is easy
to use. And it is time saving tool. Researcher will develop tool by adaptation.

Population:

                  Population
will be teachers and students.

Sample:

         
Researcher will use random sampling like government and private schools
because Researcher is in experiment study So,

Variables:

    Independent variable:

                      Formative
assessment

Dependent
variable:

                   English
language proficiency
at primary level.  

Reliability:

        Reliability
will be tested through pilot testing for this purpose tool will be adminstrive
on 100 students and taken data will be checked by applying cronbach’s alpha

 Validity:

Data
analysis :

        
Qualitative through   T test will
be applied to analysis.