Solitary in the late 1800’s after prisons found that

Solitary confinement
started at Eastern State Penitentiary in Philadelphia in the year of 1829. Its ancestries
are built on the Quaker credence that “convicts secluded in stone prison cells with
a bible would use the time to apologize, implore, and find self-examination.” Nowadays
it appears that solitary was perceived as a charitable reorganization, unravelling
persons from teeming confinements. The exercise nevertheless fell out of service
in the late 1800’s after prisons found that “A Substantial quantity of the
prisoners clear-fell, after even a short imprisonment, into a unintelligent ailment,
from which it was next to impossible to provoke them, and others became pugnaciously
senseless; others still committed suicide, while those who stood the torment
better were not usually rehabilitated, and in most cases, did not recuperate adequate
psychological action to be of any succeeding amenity to the community.” (Childress,
Sarah., “Lock it Down”: How Solitary Started in the U.S.).

In
today’s biosphere nearly tens of thousands of persons transversely in the
United States are confined in near-total isolation for between 22 and 24 hours
a day. A lot of the times the cells they stay in are usually about the size of
a parking space. Their bed is concrete, they have a metal stool that does not
move, and a combination toilet/sink. The slot in the door is just big enough
for the guards to slip their food in. prisoners in solitary confinement are
frequently denied telephone calls and contact visits. Ever since solitary
confinement came into existence, it has been used more as a tool of repression.

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Protracted
solitary confinement causes inmates momentous psychological damage and places
them at grave risk of even more devastating future harm. Researchers have
proven that lengthy solitary confinement causes a tenacious and sensitive state
of anxiety and nervousness. As well as headaches, insomnia, lethargy, chronic
tiredness, nightmares, heart palpation, fear of impending nervous breakdowns,
and higher rates of hypertension and early death. Contact to such
life-shattering circumstances obviously establishes harsh and uncommon chastisement,
(which is also a violation of the Eighth amendment to the U.S. constitution and
international laws).

Across
the United States, there is a developing undertaking calling for the end of
solitary confinement. It really is not good for prisoners to have to be
isolated just for the fact that it leads to so much negative experiences.
Although, yes, they are prisoners and there is a reason to why they need to be
isolated, but maybe they can figure something else out. In the years of 2011
and 2013, prisoners across California prearranged synchronized hunger strikes
in objection of on humanoid and debasing circumstances of confinement. Certain
prisoners delineated five essential stresses to prison administrators. Them
being:

1.)  
Finish Group Sentences.

2.)  
Eliminate the use of interrogation.

3.)  
End long-term solitary confinement and ease environments
in isolation. Including the delivery of consistent and evocative social
contact, passable healthcare, and access to sunlight.

4.)  
Offer satisfactory food

5.)  
Increase programming and privilege’s.

All they want is another shot at life,
without having to live in the darkness. How come there cannot be another way
for them to be isolated. Kind of like having rehabilitation house for inmates,
the good ones anyway. All in all, I would not want to be stuck in a metal room
with a metal bed and everything for weeks on end, I would probably harm myself,
and that should be reduced because it does happen so much. Therefore, the ones
who are saying that it needs to go away I agree one hundred percent, there are
other ways, better ways. They are human just like everyone else they just
messed up some not all that bad and others well I cannot speak for them.

The Parallel Universe for Inmates

            For
inmates, this is called “Getting Ready,” they are trying to remake prison life
as if they were living in the community. Most of the time, inmates who are
“good” inmates are the ones that follow the rules and make their beds daily.
However, they become the lazy ex-inmates who have no motivation. Therefore,
there has to be some sort of action to keep them busy and to make sure their
skill set becomes more adequate. A lot of the times prisoners are given
incentives for good behavior like: work, school, and programs that help them
with certain skill sets. Marc Levin, of the Texas Public Policy Foundation
advocates introducing a “parallel universe” to the criminal justice system that
rewards those behind bars or on parole who complete education, health and
wellness, or employment programs. This incentive that he created would better
prepare inmates for life after prison.

 Kind of like the Prison Education Program, it
let’s inmates have the chance to learn at least some basic education. A study
by the U.S. Federal Bureau of Prisons found: “The more educational programs
successfully completed for each six months confined, the lower the recidivism
rate.” One that I found very interesting was the Honor Program, which is based
on the principle of incentivizing positive behavior and holding individuals
accountable for their actions, it’s to create an atmosphere of safety, respect,
and cooperation, so that prisoners can do their time in peace, while working on
specific self-improvement and rehabilitative goals and projects which benefit
the community.